Using copyrighted work from others
Never post materials on the NAS site that infringe the copyrights of others. If you use part of a copyrighted work under "fair use", or if you obtain special permission to use a copyrighted work from the copyright holder, you must make a note of that fact (along with names and dates). All works are copyrighted unless they fall into the public domain or their copyright is explicitly disclaimed. If in doubt, please write the content yourself.
Note that copyright law governs the creative expression of ideas, not the ideas or information themselves. Therefore, it is legal to read an article or other work, reformulate the concepts in your own words, and submit it to an NAS service. However, NAS and its community consider it unethical to do so without citing the original as a reference.
It is not necessary to obtain the permission of a copyright holder before linking to copyrighted material. However, if an external Web site is carrying a work in violation of the creator's copyright, do not link to that copy of the work. Knowingly and intentionally directing others to a site that violates copyright has been considered a form of contributory infringement in the United States .
Note that images and photographs, like written works, are subject to copyright unless they have been explicitly placed in the public domain. Images on the internet need to be licensed directly from the copyright holder or an agent able to license on their behalf. In some cases, fair use guidelines may allow a photograph to be used. Never post materials on the NAS site that infringe the copyrights of others.
Contributors' rights and obligations
If you contribute material to an NAS online service, you thereby license the contribution to the public under the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike public license (full license text available here). In order to contribute to an NAS online service, you must be in a position to grant this license, either because:
- You hold the copyright to the material, or
- You acquired the material from a source that allows the licensing under this version of the Creative Commons Public License (CCPL), for instance if the material is in the public domain or is itself published under this license.
In the first case, you retain the copyright to your materials, and you can republish the material under other licensing arrangements. However, you cannot retract the CCPL license for the copies of materials that were posted on the NAS site. These copies will remain under CCPL until they enter the public domain.
In the second case, if you incorporate external CCPL materials, as a requirement of the CCPL, you need to acknowledge the original authorship.
Notice for claims of intellectual property violations
If you believe that your work has been copied in a way that constitutes copyright infringement, or that your intellectual property rights have been otherwise violated, please provide NAS with the following information:
- An electronic or physical signature of the person authorized to act on behalf of the owner of the copyright or other intellectual property interest;
- A description of the copyrighted work or other intellectual property that you claim has been infringed;
- A description of where the material that you claim is infringing is located on the NAS site, with enough detail that we may find it on the web site. Providing the specific URL for the location of the material is the most useful approach;
- Your address, telephone number, and email address;
- A statement by you that you have a good faith belief that the disputed use is not authorized by the copyright or intellectual property owner, its agent, or the law;
- A statement by you, made under penalty of perjury, that the above information in your Notice is accurate and that you are the copyright or intellectual property owner or authorized to act on the copyright or intellectual property owner's behalf.
NAS' agent for notice of claims of copyright or other intellectual property infringement can be reached by email at email@example.com or via mail at Copyright Agent, National Arts Strategies, 2000 Duke Street, Suite 115, Alexandria, VA 22314, USA.
Please note that, due to security concerns, attachments cannot be accepted. Accordingly, any notification of infringement submitted electronically with an attachment will not be received or processed.
Counter-notification for claims of intellectual property violations
The process for counter-notifications is governed by Section 512(g) of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act. To file a counter notification with NAS, you must provide written communication that sets forth the items specified below:
- Identify the specific URLs of material that NAS has removed or to which NAS has disabled access.
- Provide your full name, address, telephone number, and email address, and the username of your NAS account.
- Provide a statement that you consent to the jurisdiction of Federal District Court for the judicial district in which your address is located (or Washington DC if your address is outside of the United States), and that you will accept service of process from the person who provided notification under subsection (c)(1)(C) or an agent of such person.
- Include the following statement: "I swear, under penalty of perjury, that I have a good faith belief that the material was removed or disabled as a result of a mistake or misidentification of the material to be removed or disabled."
- Sign the notice. If you are providing notice by e-mail, a scanned physical signature or a valid electronic signature will be accepted.
NAS' agent for notice of counter-claims of copyright or other intellectual property infringement can be reached by email at firstname.lastname@example.org or via mail at Copyright Agent, National Arts Strategies, 2000 Duke Street, Suite 115, Alexandria, VA 22314, USA.
Please note that, due to security concerns, attachments cannot be accepted. Accordingly, any counter notification of infringement submitted electronically with an attachment will not be received or processed.
Please note that under Section 512(f) of the Copyright Act, any person who knowingly materially misrepresents that material was removed or disabled by mistake or misidentification may be subject to liability. Please also be advised that we enforce a policy that provides for the termination in appropriate circumstances of users who are repeat infringers. Accordingly, if you are not sure whether certain material infringes the copyrights of others, we suggest that you first contact an attorney.
After we receive your counter-notification, we will forward it to the party who submitted the original claim of copyright infringement. Please note that when we forward the counter-notification, it includes your personal information. By submitting a counter-notification, you consent to having your information revealed in this way. We will not forward the counter-notification to any party other than the original claimant.
After we send out the counter-notification, the claimant must then notify NAS within 10 days that he or she has filed an action seeking a court order to restrain you from engaging in infringing activity relating to the material on the NAS web site. If we receive such notification we will be unable to restore the material. If we do not receive such notification, we may reinstate the material.